There are drugs – namely statins – that can lower levels of cholesterol. They work by blocking a substance your body needs to make cholesterol. However, they need to be taken indefinitely and they do have some side effects.
• Quit smoking and avoid secondhand smoke
• Eat a healthy diet. Avoid saturated fat, transfats, refined carbohydrates, processed foods and excessive salt. Have plenty of vegetables, fruit, fish and wholegrains and other fibre-rich food
• Be physically active. Exercise regularly and avoid sitting for long periods
• If you’re overweight, lose weight. Try to keep your waist size to less than 94cm if you’re a man or 80cm if you are a woman
• Cut back on alcohol
• Try not to get stressed
1 Cholesterol is a type of fat produced by the liver and distributed throughout the body to be used in the creation of cell membranes and hormones.