• There are lots of shampoos and commercial products specially designed to treat dandruff. You may need to use them frequently over a long period of time to see results.
• Eating a healthy diet with plenty of fruit, vegetables and wholegrains may help, and make sure you are getting plenty of vitamins A, E and B6.
• A range of medicated shampoos can be successful in treating this type of dermatitis, while some people swear by a coal tar shampoo.
• Usually the best course of action is to work out what is causing the reaction and avoid the irritant that triggers dermatitis. In severe cases, a topical steroid may help to control the inflammation.
• If a bacterial infection is responsible, your doctor will give you a topical or oral antibiotic. Staph infections are contagious so be careful to wash your hands frequently and don’t let other people use your combs, brushes or hair towels.
• There is no cure but a range of treatments is available to ease symptoms and control flare-ups. Topical treatments that can be applied to the skin include medicated shampoos, creams, gels and ointments. Coal tar can also help.
• For more severe psoriasis, oral or IV medications may be offered, as can drugs called biologics, which keep your skin from making too many cells.
• Phototherapy using UV rays or a laser can also be an option.
Moles or lesions
• Regularly run your fingertips over your head, checking for anything that feels unusual. Get someone else to have a look at your scalp – especially at partings in your hair or where you have previously had a parting.
• Ask your hairdresser to let you know if they spot anything out of the ordinary.
• Have a head-to-toe skin check at least once a year.